7 Simple Steps to Avoid a Heart Attack


7 Simple Steps to Avoid a Heart Attack

Research has shown that people at the highest risk for heart disease can lower their risk by as much as 80% by taking 7 simple preventive measures.

  1. Be physically active.
    • 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity per week.
  2. Eat a healthy diet.
    • There are lots of definitions here, but in general, this means a plant-focused diet that avoids ultraprocessed foods that are high in added sugar, refined grains (like white flour), and preservatives.
  3. Don’t smoke.
    • If you smoke, there are effective strategies and medications that increase the chances of successfully quitting.
  4. Maintain a healthy weight.
    • Although Body Mass Index (BMI) between 18.5 and 25 Kg/m2 is used in the research study, BMI is not a great measure of unhealthy weight for many people. Likely a better measure for unhealthy weight is waist circumference, particularly if greater than 40 inches for a man or 35 inches for a woman.
  5. Keep blood pressure numbers in a healthy range.
    • Less than 120/80 mm Hg is ideal.
  6. Maintain healthy cholesterol numbers.
    • You’re aiming here for a non-HDL cholesterol of < 100 mg/dL (and even lower for those who already have heart disease).
  7. Keep healthy blood sugar numbers.
    • Fasting blood sugar less than 100 mg/dL. (Or hemoglobin A1c < 5.7%).

There is proof. Heart disease and stroke can be avoided!

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